Yuri Mikhailovich Sukharevsky

Yuri Mikhailovich Sukharevsky
(1906-2004)

Yuri Mikhailovich Sukharevsky was born in 1906.

In 1930, he graduated from the Moscow Power Institute.

In 1931-1938, Sukharevsky carried out a series of studies concerned with the acoustics of broadcast studios. He developed a number of methods for the examination of microphones, loudspeakers, and sound-amplification systems.

In 1938, Sukharevsky became a senior researcher at the Acoustical laboratory of the Lebedev Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1943, he became the deputy-head of this laboratory.

At the age of 33, he defended his candidate dissertation and, already in a year, his doctoral dissertation. The latter was entitled "On the methods of calculating the sound amplification systems."

During the World War II, Sukharevsky supervised (and also performed by himself) extensive hydroacoustic studies.

In the early 1950s, he began studying reverberation in the sea. He developed theoretical models of this phenomenon and investigated the behavior of the spatial-temporal variability of the reverberation intensity under different conditions. At that time, Sukharevsky published a series of papers on reverberation in the sea in the "Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR."

In 1953, Sukharevsky became the head of the complex laboratory at the Acoustics Institute.

In 1950s, he organized the Sukhumi Research station of the Acoustics Institute. At this station, he performed and supervised the studies of sound propagation in the sea and the sound emission and scattering from submerged shells.

Sukharevsky is a founder of a scientific school. He educated more than 30 doctors and candidates of science.

In 1967, Sukharevsky received a USSR State Award for the development of new hydroacoustic equipment. For his major contribution to Russian acoustics and hydroacoustics, Yuri Mikhailovich Sukharevsky was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, a "Sign of Honor," and many medals.